Welcome to Asteroid Day Nepal
A global movement that helps protect Earth from asteroids.
Countdown until the next Asteroid Day, June 30 2017:
More than 1M asteroids have the potential to impact Earth and through all the available telescopes worldwide, we have discovered only about one percent. The 100X Declaration calls for increasing the asteroid discovery rate to 100,000 (or 100x) per year within the next 10 years. “The more we learn about asteroid impacts, the clearer it became that the human race has been living on borrowed time,” remarked Brian May. “Asteroid Day and the 100X Declaration are ways for the public to contribute to an awareness of the Earth’s vulnerability and the realization that Asteroids hit Earth all the time.” Asteroid Day would the vehicle to garner public support to increase our knowledge of when asteroids might strike and how we can protect ourselves.”
“Early warning is the essential ingredient of planetary defense,” said Rusty Schweickart, Apollo 9 Astronaut, founder of the Association of Space Explorers (ASE) and chair of the Asteroid Day Expert Panel. “Time is the issue. At the current rate of discovery of 20 meter NEOs and larger at about 1000/year, it will take more than 1,000 years to find one million NEOs that potentially threaten Earth. That’s a long time and even then we’d have reached only 10% or so of the Chelyabinsk-size objects that potentially threaten impact.
A Press Conference to announce the launch of Asteroid Day was held simultaneously in London and San Francisco on December 3, 2014. Representing Asteroid Day in London were Richters, May and Rees, and in San Francisco, Schweichart, Lu and Tom Jones, President of the Association of Space Explorers (ASE). Lord Martin Rees read the 100X Declaration and the list of signatories for the 100x Asteroid Declaration rapidly grew to include hundreds of esteemed scientists, physicists, astronauts, and Nobel Laureates from 30 countries and leaders in business and the arts. Original signers include Anousheh Ansari, Stewart Brand, Brian Cox, Richard Dawkins, Alan Eustace, Peter Gabriel, Steve Jurvetson, Jane Luu, Dr. Brian May, Greg McAdoo, Peter Norvig, Helen Sharman, Jill Tarter, Kip Thorne and more than 38 astronauts and cosmonauts.
Today, the 100X Declaration has been signed by more than 22,000 private citizens.
For a full listing of notable signatories, visit: http://www.asteroidday.org/signatories-list
In February 2014, Dr. Brian May, astrophysicist and famed guitarist for the rock band QUEEN, began working with Grigorij Richters, the director of a new film titled 51 Degrees North, a fictional story of an asteroid impact on London and the resulting human condition. May composed the music for the film and suggested that Richters preview it at Starmus, an event organized by Dr. Garik Israelian and attended by esteemed astrophysicists, scientists and artists, including Dr. Stephen Hawking, Richard Dawkins and Rick Wakeman. The result was the beginning of discussions that would lead to the launch of Asteroid Day in 2015.
To insure that the nascent idea of a movement had global support, May then introduced Richters to the B612 Foundation, an American-based non-profit advocacy organization created to protect the world from dangerous asteroids through early detection. B612 co-founders Apollo 9 Astronaut Rusty Schweickart and three-time Astronaut Dr. Ed Lu, along with Danica Remy, Chief Operations Officer, brought to Asteroid Day a network of planetary defense specialists and global contacts. The four official co-founders of Asteroid Day are: Dr Brian May, Danica Remy (COO of B612), Grigorij Richters and Rusty Schweickart.
The Asteroid Day co-founders, along with Dr. Ed Lu, Astronaut Tom Jones and Dr. Mark Boslough, a well-respected asteroid scientist, drafted the 100X Asteroid Declaration. Early signers of the 100X Asteroid Declaration were global leaders such as Lord Martin Rees, Astronomer Royal of the UK, musical artist Peter Gabriel and other planetary defense experts. The co-founders subsequently sought the endorsement of the 100X Asteroid Declaration by over 100 astronauts, nobel laureates, entertainers and business leaders around the world. The public announcement of the 100X Asteroid Declaration and claiming of June 30th as Asteroid Day began the journey towards a global grassroots campaign with tens of thousands of supporters across the globe.
Asteroid Day takes place annually on June 30. It is a global awareness campaign where people from around the world come together to learn about asteroids, the impact hazard they may pose, and what we can do to protect our planet, families, communities, and future generations from future asteroid impacts. Asteroid Day is held each year on the anniversary of the largest impact in recent history, the 1908 Tunguska event in Siberia. A relatively small asteroid, about 40 meters across or the size of a modest office building, devastated an unpopulated area about the size of a major metropolitan city. Regionally organised large and small events are held on Asteroid Day, and range from lectures and other educational programmes to live concerts and broader community events, to raise public awareness of the need for increased detection and tracking of asteroids.
The 100x Asteroid Declaration*, calling for this action, has been signed by hundreds of astronauts, scientists, artists and leaders in business and technology as well as thousands of private citizens. Employing existing and new technology to detect and track asteroids and demonstrating deflection capabilities to prevent future asteroid impacts could be humanity’s greatest achievement. Asteroid Day could one day help save ALL the species on this planet by highlighting the work that is currently being done locally and globally in this field. Asteroid Day highlights men and women who dedicate their lives to the science and technology that will enable planetary defense. You can help by organising a local event and by signing the 100X Declaration. We’re continuing to learn about the evolution of the solar system and the role of asteroids in space and Earth’s history. Small impacts occur regularly and NASA shows that world-wide efforts to date have found about 95% of the asteroids that could end life on Earth as we know it, were one to impact. Based on what’s known about the NEO population and Earth’s impact history, scientists predict that Earth will experience another large-scale impact someday in the future – they just don’t know exactly when. Our goal is to raise public awareness about asteroid science and plans for planetary defense.
*100x Asteroid Declaration: The 100x is an aspirational goal. Current asteroid survey projects are finding about 1500 asteroids per year that can come near the Earth. It is not likely that we will detect 100 times this number of asteroids per year with our current capabilities.
Asteroid Day Regional Coordinator for Nepal
Mr. Sushil a graduate (M.Sc. Physics) student from St. Xavier’s College, Kathmandu, and a science educator for different schools and works for various national and international organisations.
On the first year of the “Asteroid Day” in 2015, June 30 there was a single event from the Nepalese side, independently organized at a school level. At the beginning, it was not such a well known subject matter to the public. Most of the citizens living in Kathmandu and other cities across Nepal have never been confronted by the possibilities that an asteroid may hit our home planet one day in the future.